Examination Part One: Basic First Aid Exam

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Examination One: Basic CPR Examination

  1. 1. When you suspect a heart attack, the first thing you should do is:

    A. Give aspirin and wait to see if it helps.
    B. Help the person lie down.
    C. Call the person's doctor.
    D. Call 9-1-1 (activate EMS).

  2. 2. At every emergency scene you will:

    A. Assess the scene for safety.
    B. Determine how many victims and their general condition.
    C. Get the first aid kit and put on personal protective equipment before giving care.
    D. All of the above

  3. 3. When assessing a responsive victim the rescuer should get consent, then:

    A. Ask questions to find out the chief complaint.
    B. Assess breathing for rate and difficulty.
    C. Look head-to-toe for injuries and appearance, then check for medical alert jewelry.
    D. All of the above

  4. 4. The preferred method to control bleeding is:

    A. Direct pressure
    B. Use of a tourniquet
    C. Elevation
    D. Pressure points

  5. 5. To treat a nosebleed hold pressure on the bridge of the nose and have the victim:

    A. Lean slightly back
    B. Lean slightly forward
    C. Apply a heat pack
    D. Lie down

  6. 6. Always suspect shock in a victim who:

    A. Is combative, slurring his words, and smells of alcohol
    B. Is bleeding heavily
    C. Stopped exercising due to a leg muscle cramp
    D. Stepped on a nail

  7. 7. For a victim of a suspected head injury:

    A. Support the head in the position found.
    B. Move the head until the neck is straight.
    C. Apply firm traction to the head to keep the head and neck in line.
    D. Have the victim try to sit up.

  8. 8. When flushing a victim's eye after a chemical exposure, tilt the head so the affected eye is _____ the unaffected eye.

    A. Higher than
    B. Lower than

  9. 9. If a permanent tooth is knocked out, place the tooth in a container of milk and try to see the dentist within:

    A. 15 minutes
    B. 30 minutes
    C. 2 hours
    D. 24 hours

  10. 10. Use the acronym RICE to treat bruises, strains and sprains. RICE stands for:

    A. Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate
    B. Run Inside to Call EMS
    C. Rescue, Incline, Compress, Eliminate pain
    D. Rub, Ice, Crutches, Elevate

  1. 11. If a known diabetic becomes confused while working out, it is best to:

    A. Call the doctor
    B. Give sugar
    C. Assist with insulin
    D. Wait to see if he or she improves

  2. 12. An epinephrine auto-injector may be used:

    A. Against bare skin or through clothing
    B. Through coins or keys
    C. On another person who may be having a severe allergic reaction
    D. Twice before discarding

  3. 13. Difficulty breathing may be a sign of:

    A. Heart attack
    B. Asthma attack
    C. Anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction)
    D. All of the above

  4. 14. Signs of anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction) may include:

    A. Swollen face, eyes, throat and tongue
    B. Difficulty breathing
    C. Rapid onset of symptoms
    D. All of the above

  5. 15. A poison can enter the body through eating and drinking, inhaling, absorption through the skin, and:

    A. Injection
    B. Intolerance
    C. Imbalance of electrolytes
    D. Insufficient protective clothing

  6. 16. A person with signs of heat stroke should:

    A. Gently stretch and massage cramping muscles.
    B. Wear a hat for protection from the sun.
    C. Walk slowly to cool down.
    D. Be cooled rapidly by immersing in water up to the neck.

  7. 17. If you get a chemical in your eye:

    A. Cover both eyes and wait for EMS responders.
    B. Flush with water immediately and continue for at least 20 minutes.
    C. Cover the injured eye and drive yourself to the emergency department.
    D. None of the above

  8. 18. Remove a tick from the skin by:

    A. Smothering with butter.
    B. Lifting out carefully with tweezers.
    C. Scraping off with a hard, flat object.
    D. Applying a hot matchstick.

  9. 19. A person with a suspected leg fracture should be:

    A. Splinted in the position found with a heating pad applied to the injury while waiting for EMS.
    B. Kept calm and still with the leg stabilized in the position found until EMS responders arrive.
    C. Placed in the recovery position while waiting for EMS.
    D. Placed on a firm, flat surface.

  10. 20. First Aid for a person with an impaled object in the leg includes:

    A. Rinsing the wound with water, then applying an antibiotic ointment and sterile dressing.
    B. Quickly removing the object, then applying direct pressure to control bleeding.
    C. Cutting the object shorter to make transport easier.
    D. Calling 9-1-1, controlling bleeding, and stabilizing the object in place.

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